What is Web

A way of organizing information on the Internet. It is a collection of computers that share information by mean of hypertext links. It consists of servers, clients, a protocol (HTTP) and documents created using HTML (Hyper Text Markup Language) etc.


In computing, HTML (Hyper Text Markup Language) is a language designed for the creation of websites and alternative info visible in an exceeding browser. HTML is used to structure information denoting certain text as headings, paragraphs, list and so on. And also HTML can be used to define the semantics of a document. With HTML 5.0 all formatting can be moved out of the HTML document and into a separate style sheet.



What is HyperText

The basic concept behind the WWW, whereby one resource can be linked to other relevant information elsewhere on the www. The user can view information non-sequentially. The idea is that the knowledge is obtainable in a lot of the method that humans assume by association instead of a linear sequence.


Many people now turn on the web to find information in their daily lives, rather than using the telephone or other traditional means. The web permits information to be disseminated with speed, accuracy, and detail. A web address is now included in most businesses radio, television and print ads, offering customers a more personalized and specific method of information access to assist in learning and decision making.


Every Web designer has to know the building blocks of the web.

  • HTML (Hyper Text Markup Language)
  • CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
  • Client-side scripting



Introduction to HTML

HTML is a document layout and hyperlink specification languages. They define the syntax and placement of special, embedded that aren't displayed by the browser but tell it how to display the contents of the document, including text, images, and other support media. The languages additionally tell you the way to create a document interactive through special machine-readable text links, that connect your document with different documents on either your laptop or somebody else's also like different web resources. In contrast, HTML is a cross-platform language that works on Windows, Macintosh, and UNIX platforms. In addition, HTML and the web is client/server system.


HTML has evolved from other markup languages. In late 1960, IBM created the General Markup Language (GML) first time as the way to move formatted documents across totally different pc platforms. GML evolved into the Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML) in 1986 and was ratified by the International Standards Organization. While SGML is a powerful markup language, it is also very complex and difficult to learn. HTML is an application of SGML. Although it has fewer language elements than SGML, it is easier to use and has become the standard method of encoding information for Web documents. GML, HTML has a facility for information exchange through a typical document format across a completely different style of computer systems and networks on the Web.


The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) is the standards organization that controls the evolution of the HTML language. When the W3C has fully endorsed a technology, it publishes a "recommendation" to the Internet community. For more information please visit the W3C official website (https://www.w3.org)



HTML Standards

Hyper Text Markup Language is a series of tags which when added to documents allows for a degree of interactivity when viewing documents through the appropriate viewer. HTML structure can be divided into two main parts.



This section stores information about the web page and most of the information typically doesn't display. (One exception is web page title)



Body is the main program section of the web page.


HTML page layout can be structured as given in the below diagram. It has clearly mentioned the order where the HTML tags are placed.








HTML Page Layout Structure


Latest HTML version is a XHTML 2. But previous HTML versions are HTML 1.0, 2.0, 3.0 and 4.0. Latest HTML is HTML 5.x (Latest 5.2)




HTML 5 is a large evolution of the HTML standards and the latest iteration of classic HTML. There are lots of new features are available in HTML 5 than HTML 4.0 and previous HTML version, and also its focus on internationalization, and support for HTML's new supporting presentational language, cascading style sheets.


From next chapter, You can learn basic elements of HTML language, functionality, and the new set of coding rules, and so on.

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